Malcolm Turnbull has declared wins on tackling terrorism online and opening the economic door to Indonesia, as his fellow G20 leaders split on climate and free trade.
The prime minister sought to end the first full day of the Hamburg summit on a positive note, despite German Chancellor Angela Merkel admitting consensus would not be reached on the Paris climate pact and divisions remained on trade rules.
US President Donald Trump, who held a much-anticipated first face-to-face meeting with Russian leader Vladimir Putin, has pulled his country out of the Paris agreement and is taking an ‘America first’ approach to trade.
However, the leaders issued a consensus statement on fighting terrorism, backing Mr Turnbull’s idea of governments working with industry to provide ‘lawful and non-arbitrary access to available information where access is necessary for the protection of national security against terrorist threats’.
‘We affirm that the rule of law applies online as well as it does offline,’ it said, echoing Mr Turnbull’s position.
The prime minister earlier met with Indonesian President Joko Widodo, who agreed to work on finalising an economic partnership agreement by the end of 2017.
Chancellor Merkel, who met with Mr Turnbull on Thursday night, told reporters most of the G20 members had backed the Paris climate pact.
‘It will be very interesting to see how we formulate the communique (3pm Hamburg time) and make clear that, of course, there are different opinions in this area because the United States of America regrettably … wants to withdraw from the Paris accord.’
She also said most participants called for ‘free but also fair trade’, describing the discussions as ‘very difficult’.
The leaders discussed North Korea’s breaching of UN resolutions on missile testing, with Mr Turnbull telling the summit stronger collective action was needed not only in the global and regional interest but the national interest.
Mr Turnbull briefly discussed the role of the US in the region with Mr Trump just before the traditional ‘family photo’ was taken of the leaders.
He later told reporters a missile defence system along the lines of the US THAAD was ‘not really suitable’ for Australia.
‘But I can assure you we are constantly examining how we can ensure that Australians are safe,’ he said, adding that Defence was developing missile defences focused on protecting deployed forces in the field.
Protests continued in Hamburg, with at least 111 police officers injured, as well as a number of activists, and at least 29 people arrested.
The G20 spouses program involving Lucy Turnbull and Melania Trump had to be rearranged due to protesters.
The prime minister was also due to meet with Vietnam Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, before attending a dinner and concert.
At the end of the summit on Saturday Mr Turnbull will head to Paris for talks with French President Emmanuel Macron, before landing in London to meet with the Queen and his British counterpart Theresa May.